A vegetarian diet is a nutritional approach that excludes meat, poultry and fish, but may include eggs and dairy products. The following 4 types of plant-based diets also fall into the vegetarian diet group:
lacto-vegetarian diet: includes dairy products but excludes eggs
ovo-vegetarian diet: includes eggs but excludes dairy products
vegan diet: excludes all animal products, including milk and eggs
pescetarian: includes only fish and seafood as meat. It also includes foods such as eggs and dairy products.
The benefits of a vegetarian diet include a lower risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer. It can also be beneficial for weight management and the environment. It is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes and nuts, all high in fiber, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. They are also low in saturated fat and cholesterol.
However, it is important to remember that a vegetarian diet may not be suitable for everyone. People with certain medical conditions, such as anemia or certain nutrient deficiencies, may need to avoid this diet. It is also important for vegetarians to make sure they get enough essential nutrients such as iron, zinc, vitamin B12 and omega-3 fatty acids, which are mostly found in animal products.
To summarize briefly:
- A vegetarian diet is a type of nutrition in which plant-based foods are predominantly consumed, meat is not consumed, but other animal foods can be consumed at various levels.
- It reduces the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and some types of cancer. It is also good for weight management and the environment.
- However, it may not be suitable for everyone and it is important to consult a health professional before starting this diet.
- It is also important for vegetarian individuals to ensure that they are getting enough of the necessary nutrients through proper meal planning and/or supplements.
At Fit Brokoli, our expert dietitians monitor your blood tests, medication and supplement intake, make sure that you follow a balanced and healthy diet by preparing a customized nutrition plan according to your daily life and personal dietary preferences.